Breakups are painful—it doesn’t matter if it’s the end of a five-year relationship or you just got dumped after dating for a month, breakups can impact both your mental and physical health. Apart from emotional pains like stress, anger, feeling of emptiness, and sadness, breakups are also one of the causes of people not getting enough sleep, poor diets, and in extreme cases, substance or drug abuses.
Below, we explore seven of these physical reactions that can affect a newly single individual that can happen anytime from the moment, the couple has broken up or ended their relationship. These physiological problems can range from a minor blood pressure to major symptoms like a broken heart syndrome.
- The Brain Registers Real Feelings of Pain and Craves For the Ex-Partner
After a breakup, the brain registers pain similar to physical pain inflicted on an individual. If a person goes through a breakup, it can fire off pain synapses in the area of the brain that also shows physical pain, according to 2010 study published in the Journal of Neurophysiology. Another study by researchers at Columbia University reported that when a person goes through a breakup and feels the absence of his ex-partner, its register as a craving according to brain activity. They identified the parts of the brain which become active is similar to the physical pain of cocaine addicts have when they are going to drug withdrawal.
- The Body Experiences Hormonal Imbalances
When a person experiences the breakup, a hormonal imbalance takes place in the body of the newly single person. The body dispatches massive levels of stress hormones known as adrenaline and cortisol, which is the body’s response to threatening or stressful situations. This can harm the body and the consequences can far-reaching such as sore and swollen muscles, which are caused by cortisol build up in the muscles. The individual will also experience heart rate caused by both adrenaline and cortisol.
- The Body’s Digestive System Slows Down
This can also be blamed to the hormonal imbalance in the body. As more and more cortisol builds up in the body after a breakup, the hormone diverts the blood away from the digestive system, which can cause GI or gastrointestinal unpleasantness. Besides, excessive levels of stress will affect the body’s distribution of fat, resulting for the fat to settle in the abdominal region in particular. Not good news.
- The skin Gets Prone to Infections
We all know breakup are one of the leading causes of depression and stress, and stress releases cortisol into our bodies, which can cause acne. According to a study by The New York Times in 2007, it’s been found that people who are going through breakups or have a high level of stress are 23 percent more likely to have an acne problem.
- Increased Hair Loss
This is pretty easy. Stress is a primary reason for hair loss, and breakup or a demise of a relationship are very stressful events. So, if you think that you are noticing more hair in your hairbrush or the shower drain, check your stress level.
- Increase in Blood Pressure Levels
Blood pressure may increase temporarily if a person is stressed out, but don’t worry about this one, as stress due to breakup isn’t the cause of chronic blood pressure. But still this can be a problem for people who already suffer from high blood pressure, and in severe cases symptoms like headaches, shortness of breath and nosebleeds can happen.
- The Heart Gets Enlarged Temporarily Called the Broken Heart Syndrome
This is dangerous. According to The American Heart Association when stressed, a part of the heart can get enlarged temporarily and doesn’t pump blood properly. This will force the heart to have forceful contractions, which in dangerous circumstances can lead to severe, short-term heart muscle failure. This condition is in called stress-induced cardiomyopathy, in medical terms, but it’s typically called as “broken heart syndrome.” The condition is treatable and rare and is likely to affect females more than males.
So, there you have it, in a relationship, your mind, your body and your inner self is intimately connected someone. Moving on after a breakup is not only an emotional one but a physical process as well. When that special someone leaves, the brain has to cope with it, but the body will return to normal, and the pain will diminish.
Photo courtesy of cbenjaswun@FreeDigitalPhotos.net
Pulkit thakur started his career as an health consultant at an early age beginning in the area of health .He is an expert in the area of developing strategies for health .He provides thought leadership and pursues strategies for engagements with the senior executives on Innovation in health and Technology he presently works for www.healthwhoop.com as The Head of the health consultancy. Facebook, Twitter, Ezinearticles, LinkedIn